Introduction of AIMS-PACS

A Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) is a medical imaging technology which provides economical storage of, and convenient access to, images from multiple modalities (source machine types). Electronic images and reports are transmitted digitally via PACS; this eliminates the need to manually file, retrieve, or transport film jackets. The universal format for PACS image storage and transfer is DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine).

A PACS consists of four major components

  • The imaging modalities such as X-ray computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • A secured network for the transmission of patient information
  • Workstations for interpreting and reviewing images, and
  • Archives for the storage and retrieval of images and reports

Combined with available and emerging web technology, PACS has the ability to deliver timely and efficient access to images, interpretations, and related data. PACS breaks down the physical and time barriers associated with traditional film-based image retrieval, distribution, and display.

Benefits of Picture Archival and Communication System

  • No Radiology image will be lost, stolen of misfiled
  • PACS reduces the need for film in diagnostic imaging, saving on both the costs to buy film and the space needed to house film
  • PACS facilitates quick and easy access to patient images and reports
  • PACS can help reduce the number of duplicate images since previous results are available electronically
  • With PACS, tests can be performed anywhere, as results can be shared electronically with other remote facilities
  • PACS tools allow several image manipulation options like 3D image rendering etc. which allow much better and faster diagnosis
  • Physicians can acquire a chronological view of patient's radiology histories
  • Radiologists can be at different locations and consult each other about any Image/case
  • A great tool for communicating with patients/attendants. They can be explained the case at OPD/Ward/ICU
  • Surgeons can refer CT images etc. inside OT during surgery
  • Searching of Radiology images from archive based on user defined criteria

INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIRED

  • PACS Server Software
  • Digital Storage (NAS/SAN/DAS)
  • PACS Server Hardware
  • Radiologist Workstation Software
  • DICOM Image Viewer
  • High bandwidth network

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